Saturday, December 28, 2019

The Hindu Marriage Ceremony - 631 Words

Marriage is highly thought of and a very important rite of passage in the Hindu culture. There are many aspects and procedures included in a Hindu Marriage ceremony. Some of which will be discussed in this essay. The Hindu culture is very traditional and religious, especially when it comes to Marriage. Marriage is a ceremony that celebrates a woman and a man’s love for one another. Marriage is the transition from the first stage of life of education and learning, to the second stage of life, building a household and raising a family. The bride and groom must go through a few processes before they are pronounced ‘married.’ The ceremony is put in place to ensure the women and men getting married know the commitments that need to be abided by in order to be a married couple. In a Hindu Marriage Ceremony, there are many features throughout the ceremony that symbolise particular things. Symbols are very important in a Hindu Marriage Ceremony. The bride of the wedding often wears clothes or jewellery to symbolise or remind her of particular roles that come with a marriage. An example of a symbol that women wear to symbolise they are married is toe rings. Married Hindu women wear toe rings to remind themselves of their marital status and the restrictions that come with being a married woman. Some other symbols worn by a woman is bangles. A married Hindu woman is prohibited from leaving her arms bare once she is married, therefore, she must wear bangles to signify that she isShow MoreRelatedHindu Weddings1444 Words   |  6 PagesPAPER – (Need Title) Extravagant clothing, succulent victuals, exquisite flowers, spectacular photography and many other grand decorations are the foundation of a Hindu marriage. Hindu marriages, like most other cultural wedding ceremonies, are deeply concerned with their religious rituals and customs. Most ceremonies in the Hindu culture are family oriented with great emphasis on entertainment and inspiration. Also, off course, the amount of decorations and the extent to which the rituals areRead MoreThe Sacred Ritual Of Marriage1366 Words   |  6 Pagesritual of marriage in Catholic Christianity and Hinduism, while superficially different, are essentially the same. This is particularly evident when analysing similarities and differences in each faith’s perception of the purpose of marriage, the structure of the two wedding ceremonies, the symbols involved in the two ceremonies, and the role of family in the Catholic and Hindu wedding ceremony. An area of similarity within Catholic weddings and Hindu weddings is the purpose of marriage. Both CatholicismRead MoreEssay on Hinduism and Marriage777 Words   |  4 Pages Hinduism and Marriage In a hindu marriage the words and action means more than just words. It is a guide for the rest of the life. -------------------------------------------------------------------- According to Hinduism, a marriage between two persons is a sacred relationship that is not limited to this life alone. It extends across seven or more lives, during which the couple help each other progress spiritually. The adage that marriages are made in heavenRead MoreEssay about Marriage Rituals Hinduism and Muslim1169 Words   |  5 PagesMarriage is a significant social event in contemporary society. It is a means of building new bonds between two individuals and their subsequent families. The foundations of memorable weddings are built on those that bring often-distant family and friends together for the occasion, while dressed in their most sophisticated attire, surrounded by elegant flowers, a night of dancing, captured through the lens of an exceptional photographer. Although Hinduism and Islam are two extremely distinctive religionsRead MoreMarriage and Gender Roles Within Married Life815 Words   |  3 PagesMarriage and Gender Roles Within Married Life Marriage is one of the most sacred and intimate rituals or celebrations that exist in all religions. It is often seen as an important and a defining step in your life. Traditionally, marriage is a ritual and ceremony that celebrates the official joining of two people by law. This definition of marriage varies from culture to culture since marriage can be viewed differently for them. The two religions of Hinduism and Buddhism both allow marriages, butRead MoreThe Importance of Rites of Passage to a Humanist, Questions and Answers1257 Words   |  5 Pagesbeliefs. The rites of passage which humanists celebrate are births, deaths, marriages and naming ceremonies, along with others. I believe rites of passage are important to humanist, because it shows that the individual is going through various stages of their life/education/career. Even though humanists are not religious, rites of passage are still important. Humanists celebrate births by holding a naming ceremony. Family and friends come together to celebrate the new arrival of a child. UsuallyRead MoreEssay on A Hindu Wedding986 Words   |  4 PagesA Hindu Wedding In Hinduism marriage is not just the joining of two people, whose souls are brought together mentally and physically, but of two families. There are sixteen sacraments that must be performed whilst a Hindu is alive to make the life of the individual prosperous and noble, one of these is marriage. Many Hindu wedding ceremonies follow the same sequence of events, whether it is an arranged marriage or not. I went to the wedding ceremony of Anika ShahRead MoreEssay On Rites Of Passage1505 Words   |  7 Pagespassage from one identity to the next† (Robins, Cummings and McGarry 2016, 61). Marriage is the 15th and most important rite of passage in a Hindu’s life (Holme and Bowker 1994, 72). This rite of passage is known as â€Å"vivaha† and the rituals conducted during the ceremony vary from each region in India. â€Å"Satpadi† translates to â€Å"Seven Steps† and is the final ritual of the â€Å"vivaha†. This occurs during the marriage ceremony of one s life where the bride and groom tie a piece of their clothing togetherRead MoreA comparison of Marriage Practices Between American and Indian Culture963 Words   |  4 PagesMarriage practices vary across cultures. Every culture has its own way of conducting marriage according to their traditions and customs. Most cultures share common customs and practices, while some cultures have unique practices. Marriage refer s to a social union agreed upon by the couples to unit as spouses. The union of couples implies sexual relations, permanence in union, and procreation. This research paper focuses on comparing marriage practices in American and Indian culture. There is significantRead MorePersonal Experience: Hindu Weddings837 Words   |  3 Pagestraditional and are a very big celebration. As Marriage Clix exclaims, â€Å"Indian weddings tend to be very vibrant and elaborate affairs† (Indian Wedding Blog). Indian weddings are definitely an amazing event because they have a vast variety of cultural traditions that are performed, the luxuries are quite exquisite, and the arrangements and pre/after parties are very exciting. To start off, the grandeurs of Hindu weddings are quite interesting. In many Hindu weddings, the bride and groom’s apparel is

Friday, December 20, 2019

Dishonest Linking and Framing Essay - 2267 Words

Intellectual Property: Dishonest Linking and Framing Law should govern the deceptive and unethical practices of deep linking and framing against an authors express wishes. Deep linking refers to linking to a file deep within another Web site, bypassing the front page and any intermediate pages. Inline linking refers to referencing material on an original Web site, including but not limited to images, video, or music, so that the material appears as part of the derivative site. Framing, unless otherwise specified, refers to the use of frames to pull content from another website, possibly a competing website. Primarily, the issue of framing concerns use of content as a source, not as a mere reference for further†¦show more content†¦You can think of the prefix hyper-, in hyperlink, as a synonym for able to be clicked to initiate some action. Thus a hyper-link is a clickable active reference used to initiate an action, namely web navigation. Hypertext and image maps are examples of hyperlinks. In the context of the W eb, many often blur the distinction between link and URL, but there is an important difference between the two. One is passive information, while the other is an active element interpreted by a browser to facilitate some action. Inline linking is functionally equivalent to copying. Before the Web, copying was the only way to use images from other works. On the Web, technically this is no longer necessary. The image by itself is a reference to an external document, the image file. Other peoples work can be incorporated into other works through a mere reference. We created copyright law under the assumption copying was the only way another could use copyrighted material. I am not concerned with the fact the website did not directly copy the content it merely referenced. In using that reference, the result looks identical to the end user as if they had copied the content, and stored the pages on their own server. Just because its possible to reference such a document from another website without actually copying, does not make it right. Framing is similar to inlineShow MoreRelatedThesis on Recruitment and Selection Process15525 Words   |  63 Pagestook for it: Recruitment And Selection Process In the thesis, I have covered all the topics related to Recruitment and Selection Process. Table of Contents Abstract 10 Chapter # 1 Introduction 11 Multi-level Staffing: Linking Individual Staffing to Organizational Effectiveness: 11 Theories 12 Multi-level Theory 11 Multi-Level Staffing Models 12 Conclusion 19 Chapter # 2 Literature Review 20 Recruitment and Selection 20 SelectionRead MorePopulation Problem in Bangladesh14871 Words   |  60 Pages25 Public Domain under (cc) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0 24 7 Jan 2006 - Robin Upton - http:// www.RobinUpton.com Oversimplification /Over-Generalisation Complex issues are best discussed with language capable of framing debate and communicating chains of thought in sufficient detail. Doing this in simple sentences is not easy. To argue that the language itself presents sufficient challenge, and that young learners should not also be presented with interesting contentRead MoreLanguage of Advertising and Communication Via Advertising16651 Words   |  67 Pagesor image advertising. It is used by manufacturers to promote the enterprise, its potential, its role in the countrys and the worlds economy, its social achievements. [Dayan, Le marketing, p.63] Advertisements are complex texts, images, words, framing devices, and structures, which attempt to influence individuals into accepting certain values and role models and into adopting certain lifestyles. Obviously, in order to be effective an advertisement must have an appeal to its audience; it must reflectRead MoreLanguage of Advertising and Communication Via Advertising16638 Words   |  67 Pagesor image advertising. It is used by manufacturers to promote the enterprise, its potential, its role in the countrys and the worlds economy, its social achievements. [Dayan, Le marketing, p.63] Advertisements are complex texts, images, words, framing devices, and structures, which attempt to influence individuals into accepting certain values and role models and into adopting certain lifestyles. Obviously, in order to be effective an advertisement must have an appeal to its audience; it must reflectRead MoreFundamentals of Hrm263904 Words   |  1056 PagesOrganizations Involve Employees 20 Employee Involvement Implications for HRM 20 Other HRM Challenges 21 Recession 21 Off Shoring 21 Mergers 22 A Look at Ethics 22 Summary 23 Demonstrating Comprehension: Questions for Review 24 Key Terms 24 HRM Workshop 25 Linking Concepts to Practice: Discussion Questions 25 Developing Diagnostic and Analytical Skills 25 Case 1: Work/Life Balance at Baxter 25 Working with a Team: Understanding Diversity Issues 25 Learning an HRM Skill: Guidelines for Acting Ethically 26 EnhancingRead MoreRetail Management30153 Words   |  121 Pagesthe food business! If the farmer, manufacturer, or retailer is unethical,  what have I been eating? If marketing ethics are deteriorating, why? One reason is probably the saturation of markets and therefore stronger competition. If deceptive, dishonest methods   are used by others to increase profit, what is a corporation supposed to do? To keep dealing straight with consumers may cause the company to lose market share, resulting in less profit. It may feel pressured to join the con games or getRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 PagesThe Myers-Briggs Type Indicator 135 †¢ The Big Five Personality Model 136 †¢ Other Personality Traits Relevant to OB 139 x CONTENTS Values 144 The Importance of Values 144 †¢ Terminal versus Instrumental Values 144 †¢ Generational Values 145 Linking an Individual’s Personality and Values to the Workplace 148 Person–Job Fit 148 †¢ Person–Organization Fit 150 International Values 150 Summary and Implications for Managers 154 S A L Self-Assessment Library Am I a Narcissist? 132 Myth or ScienceRead MoreMarketing Management 14th Edition Test Bank Kotler Test Bank173911 Words   |  696 PagesExperimental research B) Behavioral research C) Observational research D) Focus group research E) Descriptive research Answer: A Page Ref: 103 Objective: 1 Difficulty: Easy 26) Which of the following rules must be kept in mind while framing a questionnaire? A) Use broad and loosely defined words in the questions. B) Avoid using response bands. C) Ensure that fixed responses overlap. D) Frame hypothetical questions. E) Allow for the answer other in fixed-response questions. Answer:Read MoreChange Management49917 Words   |  200 Pagesbargaining units. Sometimes specific things can be exchanged in return for help in bringing about a change. Other times, general perks can be widely distributed and facilitate to implement the change. †¢ Manipulation and Cooptation : Manipulation is framing and selectively using information and implied incentives to maximise the likelihood of acceptance. An example would be if the management tells employees that accepting a pay cut is necessary to avoid a plant shut down, when plant closure would notRead MoreMarketing Management130471 Words   |  522 Pagesdiscrimination among similar classes of buyers To spend any amount of money they wish to promote the product, so long as the promotion is not defined as unfair competition To formulate any message they wish about the product provided that it is misleading or dishonest in content or execution To introduce any buying – incentive schemes they wish In contrast, here are buyers’ rights and power: To refuse to buy a product that is offered to them To except the product to be safe To expect the product to essentially

Thursday, December 12, 2019

Project Management Process Analysis

Question: Describe about the Project Management Process. Answer: 1.1 project management is a process of planning, controlling, directing, and organizing for achieving a specific organization goal effectively and efficiently. A project is a temporary process which is created for produce a service or a good and gets a desired result in a specific time. 1.2 Project manager should check mails in his day to day schedule. project manager should make his to do list to ensure that what his team will do in a whole day. project manager will assign task to his team which they have to do in a day. 1.3 project success is when we get our desired goal in our specific time with our specific budget. The positive outcome of success of any project will increase our organization goodwill and also increase in our stability in market. 1.4 yes we get success in one project. we create a e-shopping portal in which we provide our product to customers online we serves a good quality product by which we get a good revenue and good feedback. 1.5 project management is a process of execution of our strategy and the project success is the outcome of our project. 1.6 Considering your representatives adequately responsible: in this a project manager should reserve their best employee in their organization. This is beneficial for our organization. In this we pay to our employee according to their capability. Setting our objectives at the top: in this we have to set our objective which is measurable and can get by our work. We should not set an objective which has not their value. Not investing enough energy with your workers on profession improvement: in this we should give task to our employee according to their interest so they can do work with interest and give their fully contribution. 1.7 yes everyone can become a good project manager. Yes a function manager controls on all functions which is performed in an organization. He can also become a good project manager also because in project management project manager controls on all the activity which is performed in an project. 1.8 An effective management considers that whether the project will be successful or not. If there is absence or lack of effective management the team will sprats in many parts team member does not work together there is also lack of effective communication conflicts will rise and responsibilities are not clearly defined. If a leader defines clear responsibilities of each team member, it can be result of a effective outcome and develop their group cohesiveness and good performing team. 2.1 project management contributes a lot in our society. By project management we got many thing, many techniques, etc. like the great wall of china, the great pyramid of Giza, the critical path method(CPM), the program evaluation review techniques (PERT). By management of any project we can get success and if the all country members contribution toward the country we will achieve highly success. If they do work by managing all the things they will get fame and our society, our organization will rise by this our world also developed. 2.2 By positive project management we can take optimum utilization of our resources, can build our goodwill in market, provide good services and product to the customers, increase in consumers satisfaction, opportunities in enhance our services, improve in the sustainability of our organization in the market, decrease in our risk , increase in our quality and quantity. yes I feel that project methodical is useful because by this project process smoothly towards success. By this we can get optimum utilization of our resources can achieve our goal effectively and efficiently. yes I think that approach things with has similarities to project management for example we held a team meeting for resolve communication gap and conflicts between team and stakeholders. In which we use communication management. project management is which we manage a particular project in which we manage all the things which is done in the project and which effect the project and in change management we manage all that changes which will arise in our organization normally a formal letter is issued of change requirement in which some things are mention like what kind of changes came, who will issued this, by this change what things will effect. No I have never wanted to change anything because our project strategy was so good and we spent a lot of time and specification to manage all things. May be our stakeholders wants to change something but I did not want. At the starting of our project we use waterfall technology and after the seeing of requirements we decided to change our method from waterfall to agile by change in our technology we reduced our cost and do our work in less time and with a effective results. System is that in which way we perform a program and a project. A program is which perform in a long term and it consist multiple projects of both short duration and a long duration. Project can be both for a short duration and also long duration. Yes I experienced of failed our project. we done a project but the client continuously change in their requirement and we can not get that changes at the dead line and we failed to perform that project. For resolve this issue we can do more work and give extra time and employees to that project. in project life cycle there is a four stage first stage is initiation of any project which we decide that what would be we do. In second stage we are planning that what we will do in future and what. In third stage we do implementation and controlling of our strategy and our project and the last fourth stage in which we get the success or failure both and will close the project . in project methodology we include process, technology, employees, and strategy to convey our message to employees in a effective way so they can understand it. people, work, tools, and organization are effect the project management methodology because if people does not accept the method they will not work good and we can not use our tools efficiently and our organization will not survive for a long time so we have to decide it according to them. Yes it is important because by this can use our restricted assets also. If we follow project methodology we will continuously improve our organization because by project methodologies we can change our technology, our strategy fast according to circumstances. We do many projects in our life in which changes come and we change our strategy and improve in them continuously according to the changes. We did a project in which we have to change in our technology for meet the desired result and as soon as technology changes we done also changes in our project and improve in project and also improve in our experience and knowledge. At the starting our project use the waterfall technology by this we consume a lot of time and the outcome from this was not good we decided to change in our technology and we started to use agile at the place of waterfall and because of this we get success and done our work in short duration and effectively. (Bendersky, 2003) 3.1 a best employees staff is that where they have the potential to do any kind of work in their particular field. They should have focus on organizational goal and do their work effectively and give their interest toward organization goal. At the time of hiring any project manager we took interview and see the potential to do work, self starter, good leader, etc. 3.2 a project manager should have a good leadership, self starter, eligibility of taking quick decision , have to know how to deal in crisis situations, managing skills, etc. 3.3 when an organization hire a wrong project manager we can not achieve the desired goal we do our work in less effectiveness and our organization goodwill will falls down and decreases in our revenue and can not sustain in market for a long time and can face loss also. 3.4 yes the project mangers of today are different from project manger ten years ago because technology is changing day by day and at that time the technology was not so good and the workforce also less educated and with less knowledge. At that time we work in a hand written form which is very time taking and cost consuming also and now the technology is very fast and we can do our work fast and more effectively. 3.5 yes at ten years ago we done our work slow and less effective like at past we use telegram for convey our message to someone for doing our work in a formal way, but at persent we use mail which is faster that it. 3.6 yes I tried it many times in changing our efficiency. 3.7 in an project there are requirement of fast result for achieving this I worked extra time with extra efficiency. 4.1 By doing project management we manage our project and resolve our conflicts, gap between team and stakeholders and by this we get success. 4.2 yes we can predict success in our project because we manage the project for getting success and doing hard work . we predict success by following our strategy, guidelines, etc. 4.3 by good and effective management of any project we can get a successful project. For getting success in any project we should do work hard and make effective and flexible strategy. 4.4 for achieve success first we plan that what will be do and convey their message to all and what resources will be use in our project and created the risk plan at the starting. 4.5 if there is any effective project we can describe it by seeing contribution of our employee towards organizational goal, and their interest in achieving the goal and we work at the right time. 4.6 yes sometime controls on our expectations would result of success because sometimes we control our expectation by seeing some critical situations and do work calmly in that situation and get success in that situation . 4.7 we made a change plan in which we maintain our changes which we done in our past by this if any changes comes in future so we can take any decision very fast. 4.8 We will describe best for layout of our planning and describe purpose schedule. (Anne, 2012) 5.2 In an any organization a project manager is very important he is responsible for all the team members and he have to tackle all the stakeholder and do the work at right time. 5.3 yes everyone can become a good project manager. Yes a function manager controls on all functions which is performed in an organization. He can also become a good project manager also because in project management project manager controls on all the activity which is performed in an project. 5.4 An effective management considers that whether the project will be successful or not. If there is absence or lack of effective management the team will sprats in many parts team member does not work together there is also lack of effective communication conflicts will rise and responsibilities are not clearly defined. If a leader defines clear responsibilities of each team member, it can be result of a effective outcome and develop their group cohesiveness and good performing team. 5.5 yes line manager transfer his power to project manager. By this line manager reduce is work and get work fast and also get specialization and effectiveness in work. 5.6 The directors take best choices on the premise of vocation way in the venture driven instead of profession development in non-venture association. The development and examination are the real part of the venture driven association, since they can improve the quality and adequacy of association in the business sector. A vocation way relies on upon the profession development. 5.7 I want to be a delivery manager and currently I am a project manager and by implicating good strategy I achieve good success and after that I become senior project manager and I implement all the good strategy again I will be a delivery manager. 5.8 Mechanistic vs. Organic Structures narrow spans of control; high centralization, specialization, and formalization decentralization, low specialization and formulization functional organization structure degree of specialization for employees, easily scalable it create barrier in many functions process based organizational structure improving speed and efficiency, easily adaptable barriers between different process, problem of communicating 5.9 there should be therapy and seminar secession held. Because by these secessions employee morale improve time to time and give them a boost and for also knowing new updated technology. It held on monthly bases or a weekly base. 5.10 project manager is responsible for his subordinates and his clients and also for line manager. A functional team member are responsible for his functional manger, a functional manger is responsible for his project manager. 6.1 From the start stage, the accompanying ought to be accessible preceding aggregate system booking: Statement of work Project details Milestone arrangement Work breakdown structure notwithstanding the above: Resources ought to be known Linear obligation graphs ought to be developed Network charts ought to be made Priorities ought to be known. 6.2 in personal life we held audio call and weekly held a video call on which we discuss our problems and get their solutions. 6.3 With the help of WBS that the manager of the project creates we will get the correct tasks which required for completing and they came to understand how many of the projects are very complex project. 6.4 Yes, with the help of building the WBS allocation to the resources are easily tracked and manager of the project will check if any of the resource would not over loaded. We can identify the relation between resources and their dependencies with the tasks. 6.5 The role of functional manager is throughout the WBS phase and will be live in that. This manager should work very closely with the managers of the project so that they can establish the project control required for the structure of the project. 6.6 Yes, many time functional managers overlook the project plan created by us and thus various issues got overlooked and they occur at the time of developing the project. Thus, it will impact the delivering time, cost and quality of the project. 6.7There are few conflicts that occur at the time of planning phase and we have used various modes to resolve this issue: By functional manager they should have the identification of the full requirement Recognition of the responsibility that are associated with it The tasks and objectives are having priorities. 6.8 In tasks outer to the association, as in aggressive offering, the temporary worker may have to set up the Statement of Work (SOW) for the client on the grounds that the client may not have a group of individuals prepared in its readiness. For this situation, as some time recently, the temporary worker would submit the Statement of Work (SOW) to the client for endorsement. It is additionally entirely normal for the venture chief to revamp a client's Statement of Work (SOW) so that the contractor's line supervisors can cost out the exertion. 6.9 We used to share the daily status mail to the client with which they come to know the current progress status of the project and then on weekly basis we used to have the audio call with the client in whom we will discuss status, any issues and solution to them. 6.10 The time-phase WBS breaks the activity of the project on time when they get finished. The departmental-phase of WBS breaks the activities of project as per the department that are responsible for finishing the task. Finally, the division-phased WBS divides the activities of project that are based on division which are responsible for them. The combinations for them are helpful mainly if we mix time-based with one of the other. 7.1 The specification of the project is the description that is involved for the comprehensive aims for the project development. It includes the functionality, goals and required the details for team development for the customer to fulfill the vision. 7.2 Below are the 3 steps for building the WBS: Begin with the high level deliverables or the tasks Subtasks should be recognized Every task should be described. 7.3 Below are few problems: At the point when the WBS is finished, it ought to contain each work bundle made amid the deterioration stage, with a code mirroring the progressive system. Every work bundle ought to have its own particular code, spending plan, and evaluated term. 7.4 The senior manager role is that it will be responsible for approving the created WBS from the stakeholders. 7.5 Yes, senior management is very significant for the project as he will build the bridge between the team members and the stakeholders. He will responsible for delivering the success of the project from initial phase to the closure. 7.6 The executive role at the phase of planning is such that it will facilitate and estimate various things that are required for the project executive. (Zander, 2010) 7.7 The event is that we have planned a party within the team and one team member took the ownership for whole of the arrangement but at last due to some personal issue he was not able to join then I took the ownership and finish the party with success without any major issues. 7.8 The project plan would describe the control, management and execution of the project and below are the things which are there in this: Scope management Requirement management Schedule management Financial management Resource management Quality management Risk Communication 7.9 The various plans which are included in the project plan are mentioned in the above question. 7.10 The project charter is the document which states the status of the project that exists and gives the manager of the project where work starts. It will communicate the authority and thus explain various things to stakeholders and participants of the project. 7.11 We will make the project plan as MPP and then check the status in the MPP to find the current project status. We will review the MPP on the periodic ways. 7.12 SOW (statement of work) is the document that employed routinely in project management field. It will define the timelines, deliverables, activities that are specific to the project for the vendor that are providing various services to customer. 7.13 Configuration management is the process for system of engineering for maintaining and establishing the consistency for the product physical attributes, functional and performance with the data that are operational, design and requirement throughout his project life cycle. 7.14 We have used Agile project management in the planning of the project with which in the starting we have gathered all the required and get the sign off or approval from the client on that. 8.1 Continuous improvement means whatever we are doing currently is better than what we did in the past. So, from the past experience we learnt and improve the next project. 8.2 There are so many incidents where we did continuous improvement. In my old project in beginning of requirement gathering we didnt know the mode for weekly status meeting and when we actually did it we face problems. But in current project we finalized the mode for this status meeting. 8.3 Quality is outcome of some process within specified time limit, cost and expectation. So, with the help of continuous improvement we will able to deliver the project within defined time limit with less involvement of cost and thus it impact directly. 8.4 The movement of the quality would trace back the roots to the medieval Europe, where the organizing began the craftsman into various unions that are called as guilds in the century of late 13th. 8.5 Quality is ensuring that whatever was done was at the specified time line, with less involvement of cost and with the expectation of what to do. 8.6 We did periodic reviews of the project for tracking the growth and current status of the project so that quality will be maintained. 9.1 After estimating the project man hours and analyzing the WBS, we assign resources as per task associated in WBS and then comparing the total number of hours with WBS hours. 9.2 We do analysis at the project beginning with the skills required for the project and the skills that are there in the team. Then we do skills mapping and then ensuring that person have right skills as per the task. 9.3 We build the proper project scope management plan in which we cover in scope, out scope and constraints that are needed for the project. This plan should get reviewed periodically. 9.4 The changes happen because stakeholder involvement, resource unavailability and issue or changes involved with infrastructure or some time issues related to geographic changes. 9.5 Yes, we experienced the need for change. In one of the project, initially it was planned to work the project from offshore but client was worried about data security thus we have placed the resources at onsite who convey everything to client. So, each requirement will flow from client to onsite coordinator and then to offshore team. (Turner, 2010) 10.1 The project is termed as complex project in which there are involvement of multiple stakeholders and if the duration of the project is big and cost involvement is high. 10.2 Simple project can be managed with less planning and very few numbers of resources whereas in the complex project the main focus is on planning and we follow periodic review for progress status. 10.3 Agile project management would applied when there are multiple project deliverables then we will divide the whole project into various scrums and then we used to deliver each scrum as one stage to the client. Conclusion Workers may imagine that the "limitations triple" model for time expense and degree. In this we have given three of the exercises that were finished by the director on the consistent schedule. We have likewise given different difficulties which were confronted by the venture director. In this we have given different abilities which an undertaking director ought to have for get procured for the association. With this they help in upgrading the productivity and execution of the whole venture. Specifically, the central errand of endeavors is to unite the works of different people into a singular, sound whole that will be significant to people or customers. When you look at it thusly, it's no enormous amazement that various hopefuls harden up and encounter trouble preparing an average instance of a mistake. Perceiving how develops change and what that refinement means to the organization of the undertaking is essential to adequately managing an endeavor. Exactly when resources are tight, it's a great deal more crucial that you grasp the explanation behind what you are orchestrating and what favorable circumstances it may bring. References Jehn, K. A., Bendersky, C., 2003, Intragroup conflict in organizations, Vol. 25, pp. 187242 Dee Anne, 2012, Leading a project team, Butler,L. C. and Zander, L., 2010, Leadership modes: Success strategies from multicultural teamsà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã… ¸. Journal of Management 26(3), pp. 258-267 Mller, R., Turner, R.J., 2010, Leadership competency profiles of successful project managersà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã… ¸. Journal of Project Management 28(1), pp. 437-448

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Understanding Language and Literacy Cultural and Cognitive Nature

Question: Discuss about theUnderstanding Language and Literacyfor Cultural and Cognitive Nature. Answer: Introduction In the developmental science, the nature and the nurture are continuous phenomena that have come up from the theoretical perspectives. The effect of togetherness of nature and nurture is important in the life of child when the growth of the brain is at peak. The predisposition of a child to learn is influenced and stimulated by the physical, emotional, social, cultural and cognitive nature that is necessary in the learning and development process. It can be stated that the child can be properly moulded in a positive way after the birth by effective interaction using the emotional, social, physical and cognitive interactions. Thus, it can be stated that the nature and the nurture both plays an significant function in the growth of the child. Discussion In the opinion of Hoff, (2013), the nature cannot be separated from nurture and both nature as well as nurture supports the human potential and growth. The nature and the nature are also responsible for the risk of dysfunction and problematic behaviour in the human being. Almost every child is successful in the learning and development process of language. Learning of the language includes the use of receptive and productive language. The use of receptive language takes place when comprehension of words and sentences. There are four basic components in the structure of language such as phonology, semantics, grammar and pragmatics. Phonology: The human, especially the child use of the system of sound to construct words and sentences. Every language has a set of different segments or phonemes. The children are able to recognise these differences and construct the verbal communication segment that is the uniqueness of the languages (Hoff et al., 2012). Semantics: This component includes the system of meanings that can be articulated by words and sentences. The communication becomes meaningful between the people, when the words are shared among the individuals in a proper clear manner. Grammar: The grammar indicates the system of rules through which the words and the phrases are arranged in order so that a consequential sentence is obtained. It is important for the children to learn the ways of ordering of words along with the proper use of grammatical functions (Owens Jr, 2015). The appropriate use of subject and direct subject helps the child in language development. Pragmatics: The different system of pattern describes how the individual, especially a child can use languages in a particular social setting in order to carry out a conversation. Children become aware of that the conversation generally begins with some kind of greeting and includes the need of turn taking and sharing of one concerned topic (Harris, 2013). Children are thus able to learn to adjust the content of the communication in order to match with the interest, knowledge and language ability of the listener. The idea related to the acquisition of language is an inborn ability that is termed as nativism. Individuals who supports this view, believes that the human brain is prewired for the attainment of language. The second position relates to the nature and nurture in the process of acquisition of language, which is described by the principle that language is a result of large brains of human beings with the aptitude to learn several things. This is termed as empiricism. There are various roles that are played by nature and nurture in supporting the development of the components of language. Parents and caregivers require remembering that language in the great preponderance of people develops very competently (Coll, Bearer Lerner, 2014). Most of the children physically grow such things that are insignificant segment of the total range of the language of children. The natural language development of the children can be sustained with the help of teachers. The language of every child should be understood. It helps to reflect the identity, values as well as experience of the community of the child. Peer learning is an imperative part of language development mostly in mixed-age groups (Budge, Beale Lynas, 2013). The language growth of young children is hastened by their disclosure to positive verbal inputs from adults. Each area of the curriculum should be enhanced with the help of language so that the classrooms full of active learners are barely ever silent. Due to the role that is played by nurture and nature, children are exposed to the performance of language however; they are not exposed to language competence. Children that obtain language from habit development seem to remember certain structures in advance (McMurray, 2016). The constructivist approach highlights the unbiased communication of nature and nurture to lay the base for developmental change. The acquisition of language theories have mostly centered around nurture and nature distinction as well as on empiricism and nativism. However, the disagreement over the comparative significance of nature and nurture in the development of children has endured for several centuries and this will be casusing the conflict among the theorists even in the future. According to most of the developmental scientists, nature and nurture are inextricably connected and interact in complicated ways to shape human growth. Environmentalist theories of language achievement holds that nurture of children are of more significance to enhancement as compared to its nature (Farrant, Maybery Fletcher, 2014). Conclusion The methods used to study the language development are uncomplicated. The primary method involves recording and transcription of what the child says. Using these methods can be useful in linking up the verbal communication of the child with the use of gesture and interest. Since language is one of the alternative cognitive skills, children are able to compensate for the deficits in one area by focusing their skills on the other area. Thus, a proper match between the nature and the nurture of the language is useful in developing the child and increases the positive pathways in life. References Budge, K., Beale, C., Lynas, E. (2013). A chaotic intervention: Creativity and peer learning in design education.International Journal of Art Design Education,32(2), 146-156. Coll, C. G., Bearer, E. L., Lerner, R. M. (Eds.). (2014).Nature and nurture: The complex interplay of genetic and environmental influences on human behavior and development. Psychology Press. Farrant, B. M., Maybery, M. T., Fletcher, J. (2014). Parenting, Language, and Perspective Taking: Advantages of Constructivist Approaches.Cognitive Development: Theories, Stages Processes and Challenges, Nova Science Publishers: Hauppauge, NY, 97-143. Harris, M. (2013).Language experience and early language development: From input to uptake. Psychology Press. Hoff, E. (2013).Language development. Cengage Learning. Hoff, E., Core, C., Place, S., Rumiche, R., Seor, M., Parra, M. (2012). Dual language exposure and early bilingual development.Journal of child language,39(01), 1-27. McMurray, B. (2016). Nature, nurture or interacting developmental systems? Endophenotypes for learning systems bridge genes, language and development.Language, Cognition and Neuroscience,31(9), 1093-1097. Owens Jr, R. E. (2015).Language development: An introduction. Pearson.